eucalyptus robusta distribution

Australian Biological Resources Study, Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra. Eucalyptus genetic improvement in Madagascar. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Co., Ltd., Colombo. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. E. camaldulensis plantation yields in the drier tropics are often about 5-10 m³ ha-¹ yr-¹ on 10-20 year rotations, whereas in moister regions, volumes up … Plantation timber on the island of Oahu - 1966. Wellington, N.Z. Nairobi, Kenya: International Council for Research in Agroforestry. Agricultural Handbook No. Sthwest. Watt, J.M. Pap. Pretoria, South Africa: Department of Forestry. 102. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 11(1):49-57. Soerianegara I, Lemmens RHMJ, eds. Eucalyptus tereticornis Sm. tropical and sub-tropical plantations. Aradhya KM, Phillips VD, 1993. fuelwood in Florida—a summary report. Resource Bull. Coleoptera borers (Brazil) and cockchafers (Vietnam) are also reported pests of E. robusta (see review in Fenton et al, 1977). Eucalyptus robusta and E. grandis: provenance trials and tree improvement strategies in Madagascar. Uses Pulpwood Wallingford, UK: CABI. Brooker MIH, Kleinig DA, 1983. Australian trees and shrubs: species for land rehabilitation and farm planting in the tropics. See more ideas about Eucalyptus robusta, Eucalyptus, Planting flowers. Vol. Of all eucalypts, E. camaldulensis has the widest distribution in Australia (Lamprecht 1990). It grows well on sites in the moist tropics up to an elevation of 1600 m, and with a mean annual temperature of about 23°C. 15-16. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011. Wageningen, Netherlands: Pudoc Scientific Publishers. EDDMapS Distribution: This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. Online Database. ; 102 pl. The wood is resistant to marine borers and can be treated with preservatives (Durst, 1988). A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species., Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, 273 pp. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. Distribution Native to southeastern Australia on a very narrow coastal strip (0–100 m elev. Marked by deeply furrowed dark gray-brown bark, eucalyptus robusta grows well in Halawa. Species Eucalyptus rigens Brooker & Hopper – eucalyptus P: Species Eucalyptus rigidula Maiden P: Species Eucalyptus risdonii Hook. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. Leaf spots on E. robusta in Hawaii, Brazil, Zimbabwe and Mauritius have been attributed to the fungal pathogens Harknessia hawaiiensis, H. insueta, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides [Glomerella cingulata] and Cylindrocladium ovatum sp. Govaerts R, 2014. 3. Webb DB, Wood PJ, Smith JP, Henman GS, 1984. Special areas in Hawaii: Wahiawa, Aiea, Kalopa, Tantalus, Pepeekeo. Traoré N, Sidibé L, Figuérédo G, Chalchat JC, 2010. Computer index I3N-Brasil, 2014. Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. 205. Univ. Fenton, R., Roper, R.E., and Watt, G.R. The common name of swamp mahogany comes from its preferred habitat of swamps, and its timber's likeness to that of West Indies mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni). Richmond, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter. The fruits have valves that are usually joined across the orifice, in comparison other species which have free valves.Griffin et al. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. This species occurs in swamps and alongside estuaries in a narrow coastal strip, usually within a few kilometres of the ocean, from Rockhampton, Queensland south to Jervis Bay, New South Wales. iii. 1980. In: Harden GJ, ed. Herbarium Catalogue (2 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode World Agroforestry Centre. E. rotunda occurs naturally in the warm humid climate zone, ranging from regions with rare winter frosts and a summer maximum, to a uniform distribution of rainfall throughout the year (Boland et al., 1984). Keating WG, Bolza E, 1982. U.S. For. xii + 191 pp. Field Guide to Eucalypts. Strategies for the genetic improvement of yield in Eucalyptus. Therefore, the probability of this species colonizing new habitats or being intentionally introduced into new habitats remains high. Flora of New South Wales Vol. It often hybridises with forest red gum (E. tereticornis), the resulting plants having been given the name E. patentinervis. World Checklist of Myrtaceae., Richmond, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. In: World Agroforestry Centre, http://www.worldagroforestry.org/af/treedb/, PIER, 2014. Australian Forest Research, 8(3-4):153-161; 2 ref. Plantations of E. robusta have resulted in the conversion of open ecosystems into forest ecosystems. 1983. Nelson RE, Wong WHC, Jr, Wick HL, 1968. 1968. E.&S. Robusta eucalyptus, Eucalyptus robusta, is native to a narrow coastal area in southeastern Australia.The species is widely adaptable and has been introduced into many tropical, subtropical, and warm-temperate climates including Puerto Rico, southern Florida, coastal California, and Hawaii. vol. Nanocellulose from eucalyptus (Eucalyptus robusta Smith) pulp was extracted by simply disrupting the hydrogen bond network of celluloses with high pressure homogenization (HPH).It was found that nanocellulose was 20–100 nm in diameter, and presented a narrower molecular weight distribution, lower thermal stability and crystallinity index. Adult leaves disjunct, narrow-lanceolate or lanceolate, 10–20 cm long, 1–3 cm wide, green, dull, concolorous. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. It generally grows on heavy clay soils, but is also found on sandy clay and alluvial sand soils. (1797) 283. Range Exp. Juvenile leaves disjunct, ovate, glossy green. pp. Forest trees of Australia. Susceptibility of E. robusta to eucalyptus snout beetle, Gonipterus scutellatus, has caused a cessation of planting of the species in some parts of southern Africa (Fenton et al., 1977; Poynton, 1979). Common fuelwood crops: a handbook for their Eucalyptus plantations have often replaced oak woodlands in regions such as California, Spain and Portugal. ; 1 pl. Host plants: Eucalyptus saligna ( Myrtaceae ). Penfold AR, Willis JL, 1961. However, the impacts on soil quality of different restoration types rarely have been compared systematically. In: Hillis WE, Brown AG, eds. [7 refs.]. Comparison of Eucalyptus grandis provenances and seed orchards in a frost frequent environment. Medicinal plants of the world. Pickford GD, 1962. atitikmenys: lot. Wang, S.L., Huffman, J.B., and Rockwood, D.L. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Hill KD, 1991. Berkeley, CA: US. Binomial name: Eucalyptus robusta First described: 1793, Smith Distribution: Qld & NSW. Wilcox MD, 1997. E. robusta is readily distinguished from its close relatives through characteristics of the bark, adult leaves, floral buds and fruits. ... Eucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Eucalyptus rudis. Lebot V, Ranaivoson L, 1994. 1981. Clemson A, 1985. Northern Australia. It is often used as a timber tree, shade tree, ornamental tree, in shelter belts as a windbreak tree and in water catchment rehabilitation. In Hawaii, Aradhya and Phillips (1993) studied the variation within the local land race of E. robusta using allozyme analysis. Schubert TH, Whitesell CD, 1985. Juvenile leaves disjunct, broad-lanceolate to ovate, dull blue-green or green. E. robusta occurs naturally in Australia, within a narrow coastal strip from southern New South Wales (near Nowra) to coastal south-eastern Queensland (north-west of Bundaberg). ), but now widely introduced in tropical and subtropical areas. Dvorak WS, Franklin EC, Meskimen G, 1981. Tropical Forestry Papers 15. The risk of introduction of E. robusta is moderate to high. Scientific Name: Eucalyptus robusta. After two cycles of improvement involving mass selection in the first cycle, and between-family plus within-family selection in the second cycle, E. robusta demonstrated sizeable gains for height (27%), diameter (33%), volume (63%), cold hardiness (19%), branch size and angle (14%) and stem straightness (9%) (Dvorak, 1981; Dvorak et al., 1981). Volume 1. Species Eucalyptus rigens Brooker & Hopper – eucalyptus P: Species Eucalyptus rigidula Maiden P: Species Eucalyptus risdonii Hook. Closely allied to Eucalyptus elata, but generally distinguished from that species by its mallee habit, smooth bark that lacks a persistent basal stocking, a canopy of less pendulous, smaller, blue-green (rather than green) adult leaves, and smaller fruits.Plants with a generally similar habit (i.e. Ruskin FR, 1983. ref. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. It inhabits areas with a rainfall in excess of 1500 mm, which is distributed fairly uniformly throughout the year. Eucalyptus oil has been reported to cause vocal cord dysfunction [2].A 46-year-old woman with vocal cord dysfunction associated with exposure to eucalyptus underwent inhalation challenges consisting of water, ammonia, pine oil, and a combination of eucalyptus (dried leaves) and ammonia. Lowland tropical hardwoods. ; many ref. The bark is rough and persistent to the small branches, thick, held in coarse, soft, spongy, elongated slabs with deep longitudinal furrows, grey or reddish grey-brown (Brooker and Kleinig, 1994). Also published by PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. This species has a broad environmental amplitude, and is planted widely outside of Australia in equatorial to cool temperate regions. Adult leaves are petiolate, leathery, discolorous, glossy and dark green above, pale green below, broad-lanceolate, up to 17 × 4.5 cm.Inflorescences, flowers and fruits Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Save map. Many Eucalyptus species have relative small distribution ranges. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. More general accounts including illustrations are provided by Boland et al. PROTA4U web database., [ed. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Genetic variability in fourteen provenances of Eucalyptus species in Hawaii. Sta. Commonwealth Forestry and Timber Bureau, Canberra, Australia: Government Printer. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Jacobs MR, 1955. Older trees under stress by drought are attacked by eucalypt borers (Phoracantha sp. Forest Ecology and Management, 23(1):47-59; 29 ref. The species is used for honey production in many areas where it is planted (Little, 1983; Carlowitz, 1986). The flowering period is May-July in Australia (Brooker and Kleinig, 1994), September-November in Florida (Geary et al., 1983), January-March in California (King and Krugman, 1980) or at any time of the year in tropical areas such as Hawaii and Puerto Rico (Little and Wadsworth, 1964). Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Webb, D.E., Wood, P.J., and Smith, J. 3. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Pap. Puerto Rican woods. GeneralE. Seed dispersal is largely by wind and may begin within 6 weeks after the capsule ripens. [US Department of Commerce, Economic Development Administration, Technical Assistance Project.]. Botanical descriptions of this species are available (Brooker and Kleinig, 1983; 1994; Chippendale, 1988; Hill, 1991). In Australia on several Eucalyptus spp. Online Database. 24. Eucalyptus robusta Sm. However, the high humidity causes shrinkage and expansion which makes it unsuitable for furniture construction in most areas (Skolmen 1971, 1974). Research Paper, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, No. Flora of China. Griffin AR, 1989. They concluded that the high levels of polymorphism and heterozygosity observed were an indication that the local land race represents a suitable base for further genetic improvement of the species. MIT Press, Washington, DC, USA. It is moderately salt-tolerant. Forests, Trees and People Newsletter, No. In: Santalum freycinetianum var. Li Youpu. BOSTID Report No. Pacif. Currently E. robusta is listed as invasive in Brazil, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and islands in the Pacific Ocean (see distribution table for details). robusta : Sturdy Back to top For example, six-year-old trees near San Francisco, USA, survived temperatures as low as -9°C and showed signs of only temporary damage to foliage (King and Krugman, 1980). Forest Products Journal, 46(10):57-60. In Sri Lanka and India, a well-known pathogen of tea Cercosporella theae [Calonectria theae] causes leaf spots and sunken purple cankers on young stems of E. robusta, while in Australia leaf spots on this species have been attributed to Readeriella mirabilis (see review in Fenton et al., 1977). Research Paper, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, No. In Australia mature seed may be collected during the summer months from December-February (Boland et al., 1980).Associations. Durst PB, 1988. Botany, cultivation, chemistry, and utilization. Qualitative evaluation of E. multiflora), robusta eucalyptus, swamp mahogany, swamp messmate, beakpod eucalyptus Family Myrtaceae. Eucalypts for Wood Production. The species is widely adaptable and has been introduced into many tropical, subtropical, and warm-temperate climates including Puerto Rico, southern Florida, coastal California, and Hawaii. Growing exotic forests. bivalva Eucalyptus robusta Smith, var. Streets RJ, 1962. Plantations of exotic Eucalyptus species Although a number of exotic Eucalyptus species have been screened for reforestation (and afforestation) in PNG in different localities (Figures 3 and 4) (East Sepik, Open Bay, Western Highland, Bulolo), the two most successful species are E. robusta and E. grandis in the swampy areas of PNG Highlands. Dordrecht, Germany: Kluwer, 247-265. Melbourne, Australia: Inkata Press. A classification of the eucalypts. This species has been planted extensively for these purposes in the USA (Hawaii, Florida and California), throughout the Caribbean and in several African countries. Serv. The species Eucalyptus tereticornis did not statistically differ from Eucalyptus robusta, but the latter presented difference in relation to Hovenia dulcis. Trees for saltland: a guide to selecting native species for Australia. General Technical Report, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, No. E. robusta spreads by seeds. In summary, E. robusta provides a moderately durable hardwood with an air-dry density of 805-900 kg/m³ for wood from natural stands in Australia and 725-800 kg/m³ for plantation timber in Hawaii (Keating and Bolza, 1982). Raleigh, NC: North Carolina State University. 24 refs. James R King and Roger G. Skolmen. Eucalyptus robusta angl. The Eucalypts. and Duke, J.A. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Institute of Biology's Studies in Biology 61. 1986, Ed. ; 36 pl. Growing eucalypts in Florida for industrial wood production. Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Cultivated occurrences are not mapped. Germination of Australian native plant seed., 46-57, 186-198; 57 ref. ; [B]. Medicinal plants of east and southeast Asia. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp. 189-191. Econ. Eucalyptus robusta is naturally found in Australia growing in a narrow band on the east coast from Jervis Bay in New South Wales to Rockhampton in Queensland, appearing in open forests around swamps or along saltwater estuaries to an altitude of 600 m (1,968 ft). Leonard Hill [Books] Limited, London; Interscience Publishers, Inc., New York. Compendium record. For. forests, in Vicosa, Minas Gerais. The inflorescence is axillary, 9-15 flowered, the peduncles are strongly flattened, up to 3 cm in length; buds with prominent stalks (pedicels) to 0.9 cm in length, rarely sessile, to 2.4 × 0.8 cm, scar present, operculum long, beaked; flowers white. New York, USA; Wiley Interscience. Myrtaceae Eucalyptus globulus: Description, Name and publication, Nativity and distribution: " eucalyptus: pods" in the retail potpourri trade. (1988) list several examples of natural and manipulated hybrids involving E. robusta. Tissue culture of Eucalyptus. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Bootle KR, 1983. 1990. Poynton RJ, 1979. 14, 8-18; 11 ref. You can pan and zoom the map. ; 63 pl. This species was also introduced to Florida around 1880, Hawaii around 1885, and Puerto Rico around 1915. http://i3n.institutohorus.org.br. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). and Epithora dorsalis), bullseye borer (Phoracantha acanthocera, synonym Tryphocaria acanthocera) and cossid borer (Endoxyla spp.). ), scale (Eriococcus coriaceus [Acanthococcus coriaceus] and E. confusus [Acanthococcus confusus]) and Christmas beetle (Anoplognathus sp.). Eucalyptus robusta var. Information about Eucalyptus robusta diagnosis, including distribution and treatment advice Cookies on Plantwise Knowledge Bank Like most websites we use cookies. A handbook for their identification. Oct 24, 2017 - Explore Stone Koo's board "Eucalyptus robusta" on Pinterest. London: Edward Arnold Ltd. 1976, v + 82 pp. Scientific Name: Eucalyptus robusta. 32]; Many ref. On arrival he was given his ticket of leave but soon was reconvicted for forgery and sent to the penal settlement of Newcastle. 1980a. Tests of 36 Eucalyptus species in northern California. In: Proceedings of the 16th Southern Forest Tree Improvement Conference, 1981 May 27-28. Sta, No. and Wain, K.K. having an approximate life in the ground of 8-25 years. New Forests, 6:49-66. robusta is one of the most widely planted Eucalyptus species, and it has been introduced into many tropical, subtropical, and warm-temperate areas, including many countries in Asia, Europe, Africa, America and the West Indies (see distribution table for details). St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. N. Holl. Phellopsylla formicosa ( Froggatt, 1900 ) Distribution: Australia : introduced into New Zealand : AK ( AMNZ ).

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